Latest Adolescent Health News

11May
2020

Zika Virus Tied to Profound Developmental Delays

MONDAY, May 11, 2020 (HealthDay News) -- Toddlers with congenital Zika syndrome have severe developmental delays, researchers report. In a study that covered a five-year period, researchers found that children in Brazil with congenital Zika syndrome who had microcephaly at birth suffered severe mental delays. Microcephaly is a condition in which the head is smaller than normal. Its severity was the only significant factor linked to developmental delays, according to the study authors. The study included more than 120 children. At age 2.5 years, nearly all of these children were functioning like 2-month to 4-month-old babies. "The research findings reinforce public health concerns during the Zika outbreaks in 2015 and 2016 regarding the severity of disability that children with...

COVID-19 Still Rare in Kids, But Far From Harmless: Study

11 May 2020
MONDAY, May 11, 2020 (HealthDay News) -- As U.S. health officials start to learn how the new coronavirus affects children, a new study details the cases of 48 young patients who wound up in the intensive care units at 14 different hospitals after they were infected with COVID-19. What common threads did the researchers find? An overwhelming majority -- 83 percent -- of these young patients suffered from an underlying health condition. Nearly 40 percent of those children needed a ventilator, and two died. No child in the study had the new coronavirus-linked inflammatory syndrome that can cause life-threatening heart problems in children. Instead, the 48 patients showed the severe respiratory distress that has hit so many American adults so hard. "The idea that COVID-19 is sparing...

Monkey Trials Offer New Hope for HIV Vaccine

11 May 2020
MONDAY, May 11, 2020 (HealthDay News) -- An experimental vaccine seems to give monkeys extended protection from an HIV-like infection -- by "waking up" an arm of the immune system that vaccines normally do not. Experts cautioned that animal research often does not pan out in humans. The decades of work toward an HIV vaccine has been a clear example. But, researchers said, this vaccine works differently, targeting two "arms" of the immune system. And they think the work potentially has broader lessons for vaccines being developed for other viruses, including SARS-CoV-2, the virus that causes COVID-19. "The big question will be, does this translate to humans?" said Bali Pulendran, one of the senior researchers on the study and a professor at Stanford University School of Medicine, in...

Baby's Sleep Issues Could Sometimes Signal Autism: Study

11 May 2020
MONDAY, May 11, 2020 (HealthDay News) -- Babies who have disrupted sleep, as many with autism do, may experience delayed brain development, a new study suggests. Sleep problems in baby's first year may affect growth of the hippocampus and may also precede an autism diagnosis, researchers say. In the study of 400 6- to 12-month-old infants, the investigators found that those diagnosed with autism were more likely to have had trouble falling asleep. Sleep time is prime time for brain development, the study authors noted. "The hippocampus is critical for learning and memory, and changes in the size of the hippocampus have been associated with poor sleep in adults and older children," said lead author Kate MacDuffie, a postdoctoral researcher at the University of Washington Autism...

Kids' ER Visits for Mental Health Problems Soared Over 10 Years

11 May 2020
MONDAY, May 11, 2020 (HealthDay News) -- Children treated in America's emergency rooms for mental health disorders jumped 60% over a recent decade, a new study finds. Between 2007 and 2016, visits for self-harm like suicidal thoughts and cutting soared 329% and treatment for drug abuse rose 159%, according to the study led by Charmaine Lo, from Nationwide Children's Hospital in Columbus, Ohio. "This is happening in all emergency departments all across the country and in kids of all ages," said Lo. "And regardless of whether it's a children's hospital or a general hospital, and whether or not they're in an urban location or in a rural location." Lo thinks that social media has put a lot more pressure on children. "Children, particularly teenagers, are feeling that. Also, there's a...
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