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Universal Flu Vaccine Works in Mice

Universal Flu Vaccine Works in MiceWEDNESDAY, Jan. 15, 2020 (HealthDay News) -- An experimental flu vaccine gave mice long-lasting protection against six different flu virus strains, researchers report. The nanoparticle vaccine contains two major influenza proteins -- matrix protein 2 ectodomain (M2e), and neuraminidase (NA) -- and protected the mice for up to four months. The results suggest that this combination has potential as a universal flu vaccine or component of such vaccines, said researchers at Georgia State University's Institute for Biomedical Sciences. "This nanoparticle antigen combination conferred mice with strong cross-protection," said study first author Ye Wang, a biology Ph.D. student at the institute. "It can protect mice from different strains of influenza virus. Each season, we have...

Health Tip: Stop Picking Your Skin

15 January 2020
(HealthDay News) -- If you cannot stop picking at scabs or bumps, you may have a condition called skin picking disorder (SPD). The urge to pick at the skin affects at least 5 million Americans, says Harvard Medical School. To tackle the issue, the school suggests: Know your triggers. It can help a doctor decide which treatment to pursue. Make it more difficult to pick by keeping your nails short or wearing gloves. Distract your hands with silly putty, a stress ball or fidget toy. Consider therapy.

Pot-Using Drivers Still Impaired After the High Fades

14 January 2020
Pot-Using Drivers Still Impaired After the High FadesTUESDAY, Jan. 14, 2020 (HealthDay News) -- Even when they're not high on marijuana, recreational users of the drug display signs of impaired driving, a new study finds. The findings may come as a surprise to many, said senior study author Staci Gruber, director of Marijuana Investigations for Neuroscientific Discovery (MIND) at McLean Hospital, a Harvard Medical School affiliate in Belmont, Mass. "People who use cannabis don't necessarily assume that they may drive differently, even when they're not high," Gruber said in a hospital news release. "We're not suggesting that everyone who uses cannabis will demonstrate impaired driving, but it's interesting that in a sample of non-intoxicated participants, there are still differences in those who use cannabis relative to those who...

Brake Dust Another Driver of Air Pollution

14 January 2020
Brake Dust Another Driver of Air PollutionTUESDAY, Jan. 14, 2020 (HealthDay News) -- Air pollution from brake pads may pose a significant respiratory health risk, British researchers say. "At this time, the focus on diesel exhaust emissions is completely justified by the scientific literature, but we should not forget, or discount, the importance of other components, such as metals from mechanical abrasion, especially from brakes," said study leader Ian Mudway, of MRC Center for Environment and Health at King's College London. "There is no such thing as a zero-emission vehicle, and as regulations to reduced exhaust emissions kick in, the contribution from these sources are likely to become more significant," Mudway said in a UK Research and Innovation news release. Brake dust is made up of metal particles from the abrasion...

More Than Half of Cancer Survivors Don't Abstain From Alcohol

14 January 2020
More Than Half of Cancer Survivors Don`t Abstain From AlcoholTUESDAY, Jan. 14, 2020 (HealthDay News) -- U.S. cancer survivors have surprisingly high rates of alcohol use, researchers say. "This study highlights the prevalence of current alcohol use among cancer survivors, including an increase in alcohol intake over time and higher rates among younger cancer survivors," said Dr. Crystal Denlinger, chief of GI Medical Oncology at Fox Chase Cancer Center in Philadelphia. "As alcohol intake is a risk factor for cancer development and may contribute to worse outcomes following a diagnosis, this behavior is ripe for education and intervention in the survivor population," said Denlinger, who was not involved with the study. Alcohol is a risk factor for several cancers and contributed to almost 6% of cancer deaths in 2012, the researchers...

New Drugs Getting FDA's Blessing Faster, but Is That a Good Thing?

14 January 2020
New Drugs Getting FDA`s Blessing Faster, but Is That a Good Thing?TUESDAY, Jan. 14, 2020 (HealthDay News) -- New drugs are being approved by the U.S. Food and Drug Administration for patients based on less and less solid evidence, thanks to incentive programs that have been created to promote drug development, a new study shows. Researchers report that more than 8 out of 10 new drugs in 2018 benefitted from at least one special program that streamlines the approval process. The result is that patients are being prescribed pricey new medications that have not been tested as rigorously, said lead researcher Jonathan Darrow, an assistant professor at Harvard Medical School. "The evidence standards have changed, but it's not clear that physicians, let alone patients, understand either the basic FDA approval standard or that requirements have become...

1 in 4 Children With Autism Is Undiagnosed: Study

14 January 2020
1 in 4 Children With Autism Is Undiagnosed: StudyTUESDAY, Jan. 14, 2020 (HealthDay News) -- Far too many U.S. children with autism are waiting too long for a diagnosis, new research shows, and those delays can greatly affect their quality of life. About one in every four 8-year-olds assessed in the new study was found to have undiagnosed autism and wasn't receiving autism services. Most of those kids were black or Hispanic, according to the report published online recently in the journal Autism Research. It's not clear why minority kids, especially, aren't getting the diagnoses and services they need, the investigators noted. "There may be various reasons for the disparity, from communication or cultural barriers between minority parents and physicians to anxiety about the complicated diagnostic process and fear of stigma," said...

Machine Could Expand Pool of Livers for Donation

14 January 2020
Machine Could Expand Pool of Livers for DonationTUESDAY, Jan. 14, 2020 (HealthDay News) -- Researchers report they have developed a machine that can repair injured livers and keep them alive outside the body for up to a week. They said the machine could one day increase the number of livers available for transplant and save the lives of many people with severe liver diseases or cancer. Until now, it was only possible to store livers safely outside the body for a few hours. But this new technology -- a complex perfusion system that delivers blood to the injured livers -- can extend safe outside-the-body storage of livers to up to seven days and offers a wide range of possibilities, including repair of liver injury, cleaning of fat deposits in the liver, and even regeneration of partial livers, according to the researchers from the...

Nearly 20 Years Later, Cancer Rates Higher in 9/11 First...

TUESDAY, Jan. 14, 2020 (HealthDay News) -- Nearly two decades after terrorists attacked New York's World Trade Center, certain cancers are striking police and recovery workers who saved lives,...

What Works Best to Help Men With Overactive Bladder?

TUESDAY, Jan. 14, 2020 (HealthDay News) -- Learning how to control the urge to urinate may be all the therapy men need to treat an overactive bladder, a new study suggests. A combination of...

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